Ultimate Guide on How To Restore Parquet Wood Floors

Dec 29, 2023

Restoring parquet wood floors can be a rewarding and cost-effective way to revive the beauty of your home. Parquet flooring, known for its intricate patterns and durability, adds a touch of elegance to any space. This step-by-step guide will walk you through the process of restoring your parquet wood floors, from assessing the condition to applying the appropriate finish. Whether you’re a DIY enthusiast or seeking professional help, this guide will help you achieve stunning results.

What Is Parquet Flooring?

Parquet flooring is a type of wood flooring that is made up of small, individual pieces of wood arranged in a geometric pattern. It is known for its unique and beautiful designs, often featuring intricate patterns such as herringbone or chevron. Parquet flooring can be made from a variety of different wood species, providing versatility in terms of color and grain patterns. It adds elegance and warmth to any space, making it a popular choice for both residential and commercial settings.

Benefits Of Restoring Parquet Wood Floors

Restoring parquet wood floors comes with a range of benefits. Firstly, it breathes new life into the floor, making it look fresh and vibrant. Restoring the floors can also add value to your home, as potential buyers appreciate the beauty of well-maintained parquet.

Additionally, by restoring rather than replacing, you can save money and reduce waste. Overall, restoring parquet wood floors is a cost-effective and eco-friendly way to enhance the aesthetics and value of your space.

Step 1: Assessing The Condition Of The Floor

Assessing the condition of the parquet wood floor is an important first step in the restoration process. This involves carefully examining the entire surface for any signs of damage or wear. Inspect for scratches, dents, or loose boards that may need to be repaired.

Additionally, check for any areas where the original finish has worn off. It’s crucial to identify these issues before proceeding with the restoration to ensure a successful outcome.

Identify Any Damage Or Wear

To effectively restore parquet wood floors, it is crucial to identify any damage or wear on the surface. Check for scratches, dents, or areas where the finish has worn off. Look out for loose or raised parquet tiles as well. This assessment will help determine the extent of repairs needed and ensure a thorough restoration process.

Determine If Professional Help Is Needed

When it comes to restoring parquet wood floors, it’s important to assess whether professional help is necessary. While some minor repairs and refinishing can be done by DIY enthusiasts, more extensive damage or complex floor conditions may require the expertise of a professional.

Factors such as the size of the job, your level of experience, and the condition of the floor should be taken into consideration when making this decision. Consulting with a flooring specialist can help you determine if professional help is needed for the best results.

Step 2: Preparing The Area

Preparing the area is an important step before restoring parquet wood floors. To begin, remove all furniture and any debris from the room. This will provide a clear space to work in. Next, ensure that the floor is clean and dry by sweeping or vacuuming it thoroughly. This will help to create a smooth surface for the restoration process. Taking these steps will help to ensure a successful and effective restoration of your parquet wood floors.

Clear The Room Of Furniture And Debris

Before beginning the process of restoring your parquet wood floors, it is essential to clear the room of furniture and debris. This step is crucial to ensure easy access to the entire floor surface and prevent any potential damage. Remove all furniture, rugs, and other items from the room.

Additionally, sweep or vacuum the floor thoroughly to eliminate any dirt or dust particles that could interfere with the restoration process. By clearing the room, you create a clean and unobstructed space for working on your parquet wood floors.

Ensure The Floor Is Clean And Dry

Before proceeding with the restoration process, it is crucial to ensure that the parquet wood floor is clean and completely dry. Start by removing any loose dirt, dust, or debris using a broom or vacuum cleaner. Next, wipe the floor with a damp cloth to eliminate any stains or spills. Allow sufficient time for the floor to air dry completely before continuing to the next step. This step is essential as it guarantees a smooth and even restoration process.

Step 3: Sanding The Floor

Before moving on to the next step, it’s important to sand the floor to remove any imperfections and create a smooth surface. Choose the appropriate sandpaper for your parquet wood floors. Use a floor sander to sand the entire surface, making sure to go in the direction of the wood grain. Pay special attention to corners and edges, using a smaller sander or sandpaper by hand if necessary. Sanding will help prepare the floor for the next steps in the restoration process.

Choose The Appropriate Sandpaper

When it comes to restoring parquet wood floors, choosing the right sandpaper is crucial. The type of sandpaper you use will depend on the condition of your floor and the level of sanding required. Coarser grits, such as 40 or 60, are typically used for removing old finishes and deep scratches.

Finer grits, like 80 or 120, are suitable for smoothing the surface and preparing it for staining or finishing. Be sure to select the appropriate sandpaper to achieve the desired results for your parquet wood floor restoration project.

Use A Floor Sander To Sand The Surface

To effectively sand the surface of your parquet wood floor, it is recommended to use a floor sander. A floor sander is a powerful tool that can help you remove the existing finish, scratches, and imperfections on the surface of the floor. Start by attaching rough sandpaper to the sander and work in even, overlapping passes across the entire floor. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for safe and proper use of the floor sander.

Pay Attention To Corners And Edges

When sanding the parquet wood floor, it is crucial to pay close attention to the corners and edges. These areas can often be more challenging to reach with the floor sander, so it may be necessary to use a smaller hand-held sander or sandpaper to ensure they are properly smoothed and leveled. By giving extra attention to these areas, you will achieve a more seamless and cohesive result once the restoration process is complete.

Step 4: Filling The Gaps

After sanding the parquet wood floor, it’s important to inspect for any gaps or cracks that may have formed over time. These gaps can be unsightly and also collect dirt and debris over time. To fill them, you can use a wood filler specifically designed for flooring. Apply the filler to the gaps and smooth it out using a putty knife. Allow it to dry completely before moving on to the next step.

Inspect For Any Gaps Or Cracks

Inspecting for any gaps or cracks is an essential step in restoring parquet wood floors. Take a close look at the entire floor surface to identify any areas where the wood may have shifted or become damaged over time. Gaps between the individual parquet blocks can occur due to temperature and humidity changes or wear and tear. Cracks can also develop in the wood due to age or moisture exposure. Identifying these issues will allow you to address them during the restoration process, ensuring a smooth and flawless finish.

Use A Wood Filler To Fill In The Gaps

To restore parquet wood floors, it is important to inspect the surface for any gaps or cracks. Once identified, you can use a wood filler to fill in these gaps. Wood fillers are available in various colors, so you can choose one that matches the color of your flooring. Simply apply the filler to the gaps, making sure to smooth it out evenly. Allow it to dry thoroughly before proceeding with the next steps of the restoration process. Filling in the gaps will not only enhance the aesthetic appeal of your parquet floor but also prevent any further damage or dirt from accumulating in those areas.

Step 5: Staining The Floor

After sanding the floor, the next step in restoring parquet wood floors is staining. Staining helps enhance the natural beauty of the wood and can also provide a desired color. Start by choosing a stain color that complements your space. Apply the stain evenly across the entire floor using a brush or roller, making sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions. Allow the stain to fully dry before proceeding to the next step of the restoration process.

Staining The Floor

Choose A Stain Color

When it comes to restoring parquet wood floors, choosing the right stain color is an important decision. The stain color will determine the overall look and feel of the floor, so it’s essential to consider factors such as the existing decor, personal preferences, and desired aesthetic. Whether you prefer a light, natural tone or a darker, richer shade, take your time to select a stain color that will enhance the beauty of your parquet wood floors.

Apply The Stain Evenly To The Floor

Once the floor has been properly sanded and all gaps have been filled, it’s time to apply the stain. Choose a stain color that matches your desired aesthetic and carefully apply it evenly to the entire floor surface. Use a brush or roller to ensure even distribution and avoid any streaks or blotches. Take your time and work in small sections to achieve a consistent color throughout the floor.

Step 6: Applying The Finish

Once the floor has been sanded and any gaps have been filled, it’s time to apply the finish. The choice of finish will depend on personal preference and the desired look for the floor. Common options include varnish, wax, or oil. Using a brush or roller, evenly apply the chosen finish to the entire surface of the floor, ensuring that no areas are missed. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions regarding drying time.

Select The Appropriate Finish (Varnish, Wax, Or Oil)

When it comes to restoring parquet wood floors, selecting the appropriate finish is crucial. The three most common options are varnish, wax, and oil. Varnish provides a durable and long-lasting finish that enhances the natural beauty of the wood. Wax offers a traditional and warm look but may require regular maintenance.

Oil finishes penetrate the wood for a more natural appearance with easy maintenance. Consider your preferences and the level of durability you desire when choosing the right finish for your restored parquet floor.

Applying The Finish

Apply The Finish Using A Brush Or Roller

Once you have chosen the appropriate finish for your parquet wood floor, it’s time to apply it using either a brush or roller. Both options provide a smooth and even application of the finish. When using a brush, make sure to apply the finish in long, even strokes, following the direction of the wood grain.

For larger areas, a roller can be more efficient and ensure consistent coverage. Whichever method you choose, take care to avoid any drips or puddles that could lead to an uneven finish.

Allow For Proper Drying Time

After applying the finish to your restored parquet wood floor, it is crucial to allow for proper drying time. This step ensures that the finish sets and hardens properly, providing a durable and long-lasting surface. The recommended drying time can vary depending on the type of finish used, so be sure to refer to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Rushing this process can lead to an uneven finish or damage to the floor, so exercise patience and let your restored floor dry completely before allowing any foot traffic or placing furniture back in the room.

Step 7: Maintaining The Restored Floor

Regular cleaning and maintenance are essential to keep your restored parquet wood floors looking their best. Sweep or vacuum the floor regularly to remove any dust or debris that may accumulate. A damp mop can be used to clean the surface, but avoid excessive water as it can damage the wood. Additionally, consider using felt pads on furniture legs to prevent scratches, and avoid dragging heavy objects across the floor.

It is also recommended to periodically reapply a protective finish to maintain the floor’s shine and durability. By following these maintenance tips, you can ensure that your restored parquet wood floors remain in excellent condition for years to come.

Regular Cleaning And Maintenance Tips

Regular cleaning and maintenance are essential for keeping your restored parquet wood floors in pristine condition. To maintain the beauty of the floor, sweep or vacuum regularly to remove dirt and debris. Avoid using harsh chemical cleaners, as they can damage the finish. Instead, use a mild detergent mixed with water for routine cleaning.

Wipe up spills immediately to prevent staining and never use excessive water on the floor. Additionally, consider placing protective mats at entryways to prevent dirt and grit from scratching the surface. By following these simple cleaning practices, you can extend the lifespan of your restored parquet wood floors.

Recommendations For Preventing Future Damage

To ensure the longevity of your restored parquet wood floors, it is important to take preventative measures to prevent future damage. Here are some recommendations to keep your floors looking pristine:

  1. Use protective pads: Place felt or rubber pads under furniture legs to prevent scratches and gouges.
  2. Avoid moisture exposure: Wipe up spills immediately and avoid excessive water usage when cleaning the floors.
  3. Regular cleaning: Sweep or vacuum the floor regularly to remove dirt and debris that can cause scratches.
  4. Use area rugs: Place rugs in high traffic areas and entryways to minimize wear and tear on the floor.
  5. Trim pet nails: Keep your pets’ nails trimmed to prevent scratching the surface of the floor.

By following these recommendations, you can maintain the beauty of your restored parquet wood floors for years to come.


Restoring parquet wood floors can be a rewarding and transformative process. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article, homeowners can bring new life to their floors and enjoy the many benefits of restored parquet flooring. Whether it’s enhancing the aesthetics of a space or increasing the value of a property, restoring parquet wood floors is definitely worth the effort. With proper maintenance and care, these beautiful floors can continue to shine for years to come.